High-Fat Mediterranean Diet Does Not Lead to Weight Gain - July 2016

Following a Mediterranean diet that is not calorie restricted and is high in healthy fats from olive oil or nuts does not cause weight gain over 5 years, compared with a low-fat diet, according to results from the Spanish PREvencin con DIeta MEDiterrnea (PREDIMED) randomized controlled trial.

"These results have practical implications, because the fear of weight gain from high fat foods need no longer be an obstacle to adherence to a dietary pattern such as the Mediterranean diet, which is known to provide much clinical and metabolic benefit," write Ramon Estruch, MD, PhD, from CIBER OBN-University, Barcelona, Spain, and colleagues.

"They are also relevant for public health, because they lend support to not restricting intake of healthy fats in advice for bodyweight maintenance and overall cardio metabolic health, as acknowledged by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 Advisory Committee," they add.

The study was published online June 6 in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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